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Mayak


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TsSKB Progress' super-heavy launchers


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Fregat orbital tug


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KSLV-1 launch vehicle


 

 

 

 

 

RUSSIA'S SPACE ROCKET FLEET: To magnify click with the right button (PC) or control click (Mac)

 

Russian launch vehicle development strategy during 2010s

 

Overview of Russia's space launcher fleet (alphabetical):


Launcher
Manufacturing index
Base rocket
US DOD designation

Sheldon designation

Developer
Payloads, notes
Amur-5
-
-
-
-
GKNPTs Khrunichev
-
Angara (1-1.2)
14A125/14A127
-
-
-
GKNPTs Khrunichev
-
Angara (GK)
-
-
-
-
NPO Energia
-
Angara-3
-
-
-
-
GKNPTs Khrunichev
TKS follow-on
Angara-5P
-
-
-
-
GKNPTs Khrunichev
TKS follow-on
Angara-7
-
-
-
-
GKNPTs Khrunichev
LOS
Angara-100
-
-
-
-
GKNPTs Khrunichev
-
Avrora (see R-7)
-
R-7A
SL-4
A-2
RKK Energia
Soyuz-2
Baikal
-
-
-
-
GKNPTs Khrunichev
-
Berkut
-
-
-
-
KB Mashinostroenia
1990s project of a light-weight launcher (2.4 tons to LEO)
Bulat
-
-
-
-
KB Mashinostroenia
1990s project of a light-weight launcher
Burlak
-
-
-
-
MKB Raduga
Air-launched (1.1 tons to LEO)
Cosmos (see R-12, R-14)
63S1
R-12
SL-7
B-1
OKB-586
DS
Dnepr
-
-
-
-
KB Yuzhnoe
Small commercial satellites
Diana
-
-
-
-
-
-
Dvina
-
-
-
-
-
-
Edinstvo
ULA-42
-
-
-
GRTs KB Makeeva
5 tons to LEO
Energia
11K25
-
SL-17/18
K/L
NPO Energia
Polyus, Buran, 166GK
Energia-M
Neitron
-
-
-
NPO Energia
-
Energia-2
-
-
-
-
NPO Energia
-
Energia-K (KV, KVT)
-
-
-
-
RKK Energia
A proposal circa 2010
Energia-5K
-
-
-
-
RKK Energia
Proposed circa 2013 to launch PTK NP spacecraft
Faeton-2/2T
-
-
-
-
KB Mashinostroenia
1990s project of Russian-produced Zenit with 2-6 solid-fuel strap-ons.
Fregat complex (see Grom)
-
-
-
-
KB Mashinostroenia
1990s project of An-225-launched Grom vehicle;
Grom
-
-
-
-
KB Mashinostroenia
1990s project of An-225-launched vehicle for Fregat complex;
Groza
RLA-125
-
-
-
NPO Energia
-
Ishim
-
-
-
-
MIT
MIG-31-based launcher
Kaskad
-
-
-
-
KGNPTs Khrunichev
PTK NP (A proposal circa 2013)
Kompas
-
-
-
-
KB Mashinostroenia
-
Kvant
-
-
-
-
NPO Energia
-
Luna (see R-7A)
8K72
R-7A
SL-3
A-1
OKB-1
E, Vostok
Mayak
-
-
-
-
KB Yuzhnoe
-
Molniya (see R-7A)
8K78
R-7A
SL-6
A-2-e
OKB-1
Molniya, Mars/Venera, Prognoz, Zond 1-3
N1/L3
11A52
-
SL-15
G
TsKBM
L-3
Neitron (see Energia-M)
Neitron
-
-
-
NPO Energia
-
Neva
-
-
-
-
-
5 tons to LEO
Priboy
-
-
-
-
KB Mashinostroenia
Sea-launched; 2.4 tons to LEO
Prizyv (see UR-100)
15A35
-
-
NPO Mash
SLA rescue craft
R-3
-
-
-
OKB-1
Project
R-7A/Sputnik
8K71PS
SL-1
-
OKB-1
Sputnik-1
R-7A/Luna/Vostok
8K72
R-7A
SL-3
A-1
OKB-1
E, Vostok
R-7A/Vostok-2
8K72V
R-7A
SL-3
A-1
OKB-1
-
R-7A/Vostok-2M
8K72V1
R-7A
SL-3
A-1
OKB-1
Elektron, Meteor
R-7A/Vostok-2M
8K72V3
R-7A
SL-3
A-1
OKB-1
Elektron, Meteor
R-7A/Vostok-2M
8K72D
R-7A
SL-3
A-1
OKB-1
Elektron, Meteor
R-7A/Vostok-2M
8K72-2D
R-7A
SL-3
A-1
OKB-1
Elektron, Meteor
R-7A/
8A92
R-7A
SL-3
A-1
OKB-1
Zenit-2
R-7A/
8A92V3
R-7A
SL-3
A-1
OKB-1
Zenit-2
R-7A/
11A92
R-7A
SL-3
A-1
OKB-1
Zenit-2
R-7A/Molniya
8K78
R-7A
SL-6
A-2-e
OKB-1
Molnia, Mars/Venera, Prognoz, Zond 1-3
R-7A/Molniya
8K78-MV
R-7A
SL-6
A-2-e
OKB-1
Mars/Venera, Prognoz, Zond
R-7A/Molniya
8K78-2MV
R-7A
SL-6
A-2-e
OKB-1
Mars/Venera, Prognoz, Zond
R-7A/Molniya
8K78-E6
R-7A
SL-6
A-2-e
OKB-1
Luna
R-7A/Molniya
8K78M
R-7A
SL-6
A-2-e
TsSKB
Mars/Venera, Prognoz, Zond 1-3
R-7A/
8A92
R-7A
SL-5
-
OKB-1
IS
R-7A/Voskhod
11A57
R-7A
SL-4
A-2
OKB-1
Voskhod
R-7A/Voskhod
11A59
R-7A
SL-4
A-2
OKB-1
Zenit-2
R-7A/Voskhod
11A510
R-7A
SL-4
A-2
OKB-1
Zenit-4
R-7A/Soyuz
11A511
R-7A
SL-4
A-2
TsSKB
Soyuz
R-7A/Soyuz
11A511M
R-7A
SL-4
A-2
TsSKB
Yantar
R-7A/Soyuz-U
11A511-U
R-7A
SL-4
A-2
TsSKB
Soyuz-TM
R-7A/Soyuz-U2
11A511K
R-7A
SL-4
A-2
TsSKB
Resurs
R-7A/Soyuz-2
14A14
R-7A
SL-4
A-2
TsSKB
commercial/military satellites
R-7A/Yamal
-
R-7A
SL-4
A-2
RKK Energia
Enterprise
R-7A/Avrora
-
R-7A
SL-4
A-2
RKK Energia
commercial satellites
R-7A/Onega
-
R-7A
SL-4
A-2
RKK Energia
Kliper
R-7A/Soyuz-2-3
-
R-7A
SL-4
A-2
RKK Energia
Kliper, cargo containers
R-7A/Soyuz-3
-
R-7A
SL-4
A-2
RKK Energia
Kliper
R-7A/Soyuz-1
-
R-7A
SL-4
A-2
TsSKB Progress
commercial/military satellites
R-12/Cosmos
63S1
SL-7
B-1
OKB-586
DS
R-12/Cosmos
8K63
R-12
SL-7
B, B-1
OKB-586, OKB-52
M-12 space plane (1963)
R-12/Cosmos
11K62M
R-12
SL-7
B-1
OKB-586
DS
R-12/Cosmos
63S1M
R-12
SL-7
B-1
OKB-586
DS
R-12/Cosmos-2
11K63
R-12
SL-7
B-1
OKB-586
DS
R-14/Cosmos-1
65S3
R-14
SL-8
C-1
OKB-586, OKB-10
DS
R-14/Cosmos-3
8K65S3
R-14U
SL-8
C-1
OKB-10
R-14/Cosmos-3M
8K65S5
R-14U
SL-8
C-1
OKB-10
Tsikada, Strela
R-14/Cosmos-U
11K65M
R-14U
SL-8
C-1
OKB-10
-
R-14/Vzlet
11K65MU
R-14U
SL-8
C-1
OKB-10
-
R-16/Tsyklon-1
11K64
-
-
KB Yuzhnoe
-
R-16-based
64S2
-
-
KB Yuzhnoe
Proposal
R-26-based
66S4
R-26
-
-
KB Yuzhnoe
Proposal
OR-36-based
8K69
OR-36
-
F-1-m
OKB-52
Orbital warheads
R-36-based
67S5
-
-
KB Yuzhnoe
Proposal
R-36/Tsyklon-2A
11K67
SL-11
F-1-m
KB Yuzhnoe
IS ASAT
R-36/Tsyklon-3 (Tsyklon-M)
11K68 (8K67S5M)
SL-14
F-2
KB Yuzhnoe
Meteor, Okean
R-36/Tsyklon-2
11K69
SL-11
F-1-r
KB Yuzhnoe
US RORSAT
R-36/Tsyklon-4 (Mayak)
-
-
-
-
KB Yuzhnoe
Project
R-56/RK-100
8K68
-
-
-
KB Yuzhnoe
-
Rif-MA
?
R-39
-
-
KB Mashinostroenia
Air-launched 0.95-1.7 tons to LEO
Riksha
?
-
-
-
KB Mashinostroenia
-
RLA-120
-
-
-
-
NPO Energia
A space station; military polar platform; geostationary platform
RLA-125 (Groza)
-
-
-
-
NPO Energia
-
RLA-130/130A (Grom)
-
-
-
-
NPO Energia
Lunar spacecraft; The MTKS-1 reusable transport
RLA-150
-
-
-
-
NPO Energia
Glushko's lunar base
Rockot
15A35
-
-
KB Salyut
Radio-ROSTO, Dumsat, Iridium, GRACE
Rossiyanka
-
-
-
-
KB Mashinostroenia
Kliper
Rus-M
-
-
-
-
TsSKB
23 tons to LEO; PPTS spacecraft
Shtil-1N
?
R-29RM
-
-
KB Mashinostroenia
125-510 kg to LEO
Shtil-2N
?
SS-N-33
-
-
KB Mashinostroenia
270 kg to LEO
Shtil-3A
?
R-29RM
-
-
KB Mashinostroenia
Air-launched 220 kg
Shtil-3N
?
SS-N-33 (RSM-54)
-
-
KB Mashinostroenia
Ground-launched
Sodruzhestvo
-
-
-
-
RKK Energia/KB Yuzhnoe
First proposed in 1999, revived in 2012
Soyuz (see R-7A)
11A511
R-7A
SL-4
A-2
TsSKB
Soyuz
Space Kliper
-
-
-
-
KB Yuzhnoe
1989-1991 project
Start-1
-
Topol
-
-
MIT
550 kg Zeya
Start
-
Topol
-
-
MIT
1 ton -
Surf
?
SS-N-21
-
-
KB Mashinostroenia
2.4 tons to LEO
Tsyklon (see R-36)
11K67
SL-11
F-1-m
KB Yuzhnoe
IS ASAT
STK
-
-
-
-
TsSKB Progress
Proposed circa 2013 for PTK NP
Strela
15A35
-
-
NPO Mash
Condor
Ulugbek
?
-
-
-
KB Mashinostroenia
-
UR-200
8K81
UR-200
-
-
OKB-52
-
UR-200-based
8K81K
UR-200K
-
-
OKB-52
-
UR-500K Proton
8K82K
SL-12, 13
D-1
TsKBM
Salyut, Mir
UR-500K-L1, L1P
8K82K
SL-12
D-1-e
TsKBM
L1
UR-500KM
8K82KM
SL-12
D-1
KB Salyut
-
UR-700
11K87
-
-
-
OKB-52
LK-1
UR-700 Nuclear (Variant 'A")
-
-
-
-
OKB-52
MK-700
UR-700M
-
-
-
-
OKB-52
MK-700
UR-900
-
-
-
-
OKB-52
-
UR-1000
-
-
-
-
OKB-52
-
Viktoria
-
-
-
-
KB Mashinostroenia
-
Volna
?
R-29RL
-
-
KB Mashinostroenia
Submarine-launched 120 kg to LEO
Voskhod (see R-7A)
11A57
R-7A
SL-4
A-2
OKB-1
Voskhod
Vostok (see R-7A)
8K72V
R-7A
SL-3
A-1
OKB-1
-
Vulkan (see RLA-150)
-
-
-
-
NPO Energia
Lunar excursion module (project)
Vysota
?
R-29D
-
-
KB Mashinostroenia
115 kg to LEO
Vzlet (see R-14)
11K65MU
R-14U
SL-8
C-1
OKB-10
-
YaKhR-2
-
R-7
-
-
OKB-1
35-40-ton payload
Yamal (see R-7A)
-
R-7A
SL-4
A-2
RKK Energia
Enterprise
Yenisei-5
-
-
-
-
-
-
Zenit light
-
-
-
KB Yuzhnoe
1970's proposal of a light-weight launcher
Zenit heavy
-
-
-
KB Yuzhnoe
1970's proposal of a heavy-weight launcher
Zenit-2
11K77
-
SL-16
J-1
KB Yuzhnoe
-
Zenit-3SL
11K77
-
SL-16
-
KB Yuzhnoe
-
Zyb
?
R-21A
-
-
KB Mashinostroenia
Sprint, Meduza

Upper stages, space tugs

Briz upper stage

Dvina electrically propelled space tug

Fregat upper stage

KVTK upper stage


Page author: Anatoly Zak; Last update: October 12, 2014

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