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GENERAL INFO AND MISSION STATEMENT -- is a public-supported independent publication, not affiliated with any government or private institution.

The mission of this site is to preserve and popularize history of space exploration, to promote cooperation in space and to provide independent coverage of space program.

If you would like to support, please visit this page for secure and easy way to make your contribution via a PayPal account. For advertising information visit this page or contact the publisher about special deals.

The publisher always welcomes any offer of mutually beneficial cooperation with other space enthusiasts, industrial institutions, academia and mass media organizations.


Anatoly Zak - Creator and publisher

Alain Chabot - Editor

James MacLaren - Editor

Claude Mourier - Researher, photographer

Igor Rozenberg - Researcher

George Chambers - Researcher

If you would like to contribute writing, reporting, marketing, web design or to other aspects of this site's development, please contact:


The publisher would like to thank first of all our long-term donors for their support of this project over the years:

Jonathan McDowell, Robert McClimon, Zaven Matevosian, Viktor Lapinskii and Christian Cognard... well as many other individuals around the world:

Nicholas Abadzis, Vadym Aizinger, Christoffer Araskog, Daniel Armstrong, John Bensted, Richard Bird, A. Bolourian, Joel Carpenter, Craig Cholar, Dave Cooper, Mitch Davis, Eugene Dorr (Our 2014 supporter), Paul Duncan, Charles Durrett, Stefan Eich, Paul Feigelman, Howard Fink, Richard Flagg, Matthew Flammer, Georges Garbarino, Andreas Gerster, Robert Godfrey, Ludwig Grunwaldt, Tamas Hadarits, Douglas Hainline, Eric Hinckley, Gennady Imeshev, Nedeljko Kacavenda, Charles William Kauffman, Edward Kelleher, Jr., Vladislav Khlestov, Andrew Klawitter, Manish Kumar, Andrej Lazo, Georgy Lominadze, James Lucas, Jason McGuiness, Mark Meredith, Philip Mills, Don Mitchell, Michael Nemeth, Mag-I'M Neubauerii (Our 2014 supporter), Robert Oklejas, Miroslav Pavlicko, Serge Pomorski, Gene Ragan, Nicolas Renne, Geoffrey Richards, William Rierden, Jorge C Rodriguez, Carmine Rossi, Karine Saiadian, Ondrej Samarek, Peter Schramm, Daniel Smith, Joshua Stubbles, Erik Sudland, Jose Hrnandez y Tapia, Kazuo Terakado, Percy Tierney, Kai Vilonen (Our 2014 supporter); Stephen Voss, Eugene Wan, Joseph Wenderoth, Stephen L. West, Tyler West, Andi Wuestner, Ivan Yanachkov, Gregory Zsidisin, Erin Zolotukhin-Ridgway and David Zusiman.




Writing and news reporting;

3D animation, computer graphics, photography, video, web design, informational and interactive graphics, page layout and book packaging;

Consulting on space history and latest developments in the field;

Translating and interpreting between Russian and English;

Advice related to the Russian space industry;

Fees and conditions are project-based and can be negotiated on individual basis.


The entire content of this publication is protected by copyright law and no material from the site can be copied or reproduced without written permission from the publisher. Periodic e-mail notifications from do not imply permission for the reproduction of content. Citing as a source does not clear publishers from responsibility to obtain a written permission from the editor of for reproduction of any materials from this web site.

If you are interested in purchasing photography, informational graphics or written content from the site, or would like to order unpublished imagery from the extensive archive, which serves as a source for this site, please e-mail your inquiry to Anatoly Zak at:

This web site features only small fraction of visuals and other documents available in the archive.

Please note that the editor makes his best effort to answer as many questions as possible, however, due to limited time and resources, there is no guarantee of a reply to every inquiry. Unfortunately, we can not provide photos, graphics or substantial amount of information requiring research free of charge.



Readers are allowed to quote articles from on other forums and web sites, as long as citations are limited to:

  • a single headline from a page;
  • a signle lead paragraph from a page;
  • a single illustration from a page not exceeding 200 pixels in width (found on the right side of each page)

Do not copy or reproduce main images at the top of the page or images from "click to enlarge" windows;

Always provide a live HTML link back to the original page on;

Do not copy entire articles to other web sites or forums.