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PLANNED RUSSIAN SPACE MISSIONS IN 2019:
2019: A Soyuz rocket with a Fregat upper stage to launch the second pair of a quartet of satellites to study plasma within the Roy ("Swarm") project from Plesetsk. Each 200-kilogram spacecraft would be based on the Karat platform with plasma-electric engines and carry around 60 kilograms of payload. The scientific payload would be based on the Strannik experiment. (612). Each spacecraft would carry a single magnitometer boom and four booms for measurement of the magnetic field.
2019: Russia to launch the Okean No. 1 ocean-monitoring satellite. (As of 2010-2012)
2019: Russia to complete the orbital deployment of the Obzor-O four-satellite remote-sensing constellation. (As of October 2012)
2019: A Zenit-2SB rocket with a Fregat upper stage to launch the Gamma-400 astrophysics satellite into a highly elliptical 300,000 by 500-kilometer orbit with an inclination 51.8 degrees toward the Equator. The spacecraft was to be equipped with detectors capable of registering very high-energy gamma radiation from space which does not penetrate Earth's atmosphere. Gamma ray research helps in understanding of such astrophysical phenomena as solar flares and dark matter. Gamma-400 was designed to complement and expand the sensitivity and resolution of previous space-based gamma observatories such as Compton GRO, Fermi GLAST and AGILE.
As of 2008, the launch of Gamma-400 was expected as early as 2013. (299) A Russian government decree No. 1036-53 from Dec. 28, 2008, included the development of a preliminary design for the Gamma-400 project into the Russian space program during 2006-2015 with a projected completion in August 2010. At the time, the launch date was expected in 2015. The spacecraft would be based on the Navigator platform and have a lifetime of five-seven years. It would take the spacecraft seven days to complete a single orbit and its altitude would ensure stable flight during no less than 10 years. Lebedev Physics Institute was appointed as a prime contractor of the scientific mission. The scientific program of the mission was approved by the FIAN insitute in May 2009 and endorsed by the Russian Academy of Sciences on June 2, 2009. By 2011, NPO Lavochkin completed a preliminary design of the spacecraft. At the time, the launch was expected in 2015-2016. By the beginning of 2012, the mission slipped to 2018. In May 2012, ISS Reshetnev announced that the company completed a preliminary design of a solar panel for Gamma-400. In August 2012, an NPO Lavochkin presentation confirmed plans to launch Gamma-400 in 2018, with other sources specifying November 2018 as the launch date. In December 2013, Moscow-based Space Research Institute, IKI, announced that Gamma-400 had been expected to fly in 2019.
This page is compiled by Anatoly Zak; Last update: December 26, 2013
Page editor: Alain Chabot; Last edit: April 30, 2011
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Luna-Resurs lander. Click to enlarge. Copyright © 2013 Anatoly Zak
The circa 2010 depiction of the Intergelio-Zond spacecraft. Credit: Roskosmos