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PLANNED RUSSIAN SPACE MISSIONS IN 2025:
2025: Russia to launch the Luna-Grunt mission (a.k.a. Luna-29) to return lunar soil samples from the polar regions of the Moon back to Earth.
2025: Russia to launch the Ekspress-PF4 communications satellite.
2025: Russia to launch the Ekspress-OR2 communications satellite.
2025: Russia to launch first Meteor-MP No. 2 satellite. (As of middle of 2015)
2025: Russia to launch the Elektro-M No. 1-2 weather-forecasting satellite. (As of 2015. Postponed from 2023.)
Around or after 2025: Russia to launch Venera-D spacecraft to Venus. (A proposal in 2013)
Around or after 2025: A Zenit-2SB rocket with a Fregat upper stage to launch the Gamma-400 astrophysics satellite into a highly elliptical 300,000 by 500-kilometer orbit with an inclination 51.8 degrees toward the Equator. The spacecraft was to be equipped with detectors capable of registering very high-energy gamma radiation from space which does not penetrate Earth's atmosphere. Gamma ray research helps in understanding of such astrophysical phenomena as solar flares and dark matter. Gamma-400 was designed to complement and expand the sensitivity and resolution of previous space-based gamma observatories such as Compton GRO, Fermi GLAST and AGILE.
As of 2008, the launch of Gamma-400 was expected as early as 2013. (299) A Russian government decree No. 1036-53 from Dec. 28, 2008, included the development of a preliminary design for the Gamma-400 project into the Russian space program during 2006-2015 with a projected completion in August 2010. At the time, the launch date was expected in 2015. The spacecraft would be based on the Navigator platform and have a lifetime of five-seven years. It would take the spacecraft seven days to complete a single orbit and its altitude would ensure stable flight during no less than 10 years. Lebedev Physics Institute was appointed as a prime contractor of the scientific mission. The scientific program of the mission was approved by the FIAN insitute in May 2009 and endorsed by the Russian Academy of Sciences on June 2, 2009. By 2011, NPO Lavochkin completed a preliminary design of the spacecraft. At the time, the launch was expected in 2015-2016. By the beginning of 2012, the mission slipped to 2018. In May 2012, ISS Reshetnev announced that the company completed a preliminary design of a solar panel for Gamma-400. In August 2012, an NPO Lavochkin presentation confirmed plans to launch Gamma-400 in 2018, with other sources specifying November 2018 as the launch date. In December 2013, Moscow-based Space Research Institute, IKI, announced that Gamma-400 had been expected to fly in 2019. However by the middle of that year, the mission was not expected before 2025.
In April 2015, the Gamma-400 project was slashed from the upcoming 10-year space program.
Read (and see) much more about these and many other space developments in Russia
This page is compiled by Anatoly Zak
Last update: February 26, 2016
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Artist depiction of the Lunokhod mission from the Luna-Grunt project descending onto the lunar surface.
A preliminary concept of a Russian mission to Jovian moon Europa.
Scale model of the Bion-M satellite. Copyright © 2010 Anatoly Zak