Soyuz-2






soyuz-2-1b








 

 

Soyuz-2-1a rocket variant

The initial version of the upgraded vehicle, known as Soyuz-2-1a (14A14), featured a four-meter payload fairing. It was capable of carrying 300 kilograms more payload than than its predecessor variants thanks to the replacement of an old analog flight control system with a digital computer and the use of a more flexible launch trajectory. In 2012, the KBKhA design bureau in Voronezh promised to develop the 11D55 steering engine specifically for the Soyuz-2-1a rocket.


 

Payload spefications of the Soyuz-2-1a rocket variant:

Orbital parameters Payload
Inclination Perigee Apogee 11S517A2* 81KS**
Baikonur
51.6 degrees 200 kilometers 240 kilometers 7,430 kilograms 6,900 kilograms
98 degrees 200 kilometers 240 kilometers 5,830 kilograms 5,550 kilograms
Vostochny
51.6 degrees 200 kilometers 240 kilometers 7,460 kilograms 7,060 kilograms
98 degrees 200 kilometers 240 kilometers 6,070 kilograms 5,800 kilograms
Plesetsk
72 degrees 200 kilometers 240 kilometers 6,800 kilograms 6,100 kilograms
98 degrees 200 kilometers 240 kilometers 6,130 kilograms 5,780 kilograms

*Payload section, SZB, with a 3.0-meter fairing

**Payload section, SZB, with a 4.11-meter fairing

 

 

A complete list of Soyuz-2 missions*:

-
Date
Payload
Launch site
Version
Fairing
Notes
1
2004 Nov. 8
Soyuz-2-1a (14A14)
Oblik
A suborbital mission without Fregat
2
2006 Oct. 19
Soyuz-2-1a/Fregat
ST (81KS)
First orbital mission; first carrying Fregat and ST payload fairing
3
2006 Dec. 24
Soyuz-2-1a/Fregat
14S737
First orbital mission with a Fregat upper stage from Plesetsk
4
2009 May 22
Soyuz-2-1a/Fregat
14S737
Third stage underperformed, leaving payload in lower orbit
5
2010 Oct. 19
Soyuz-2-1a/Fregat
ST (81KS)
-
6
2010 Nov. 2
Soyuz-2-1a/Fregat
14S737
-
7
2011 May 4
Soyuz-2-1a/Fregat
14S737
-
8
2011 July 13
Soyuz-2-1a/Fregat
ST (81KS)
-
9
2011 Dec. 17
Soyuz-ST-A/Fregat-Std (No. 1021)
ST (81KS)
-
10
2011 Dec. 28
Soyuz-2-1a/Fregat-M
ST (81KS)
-
11
2012 Sept. 17
Soyuz-2-1a/Fregat
ST (81KS)
-
12
2012 Nov. 14
Soyuz-2-1a/Fregat
14S737
-
13
2012 Dec. 1
Soyuz-ST-A/Fregat
ST (81KS)
-
14
2013 Feb. 6
Soyuz-2-1a/Fregat
ST (81KS)
-
15
2013 April 19
Soyuz-2-1a
Short, Russian
-
16
2014 April 3
ST (81KS)
-
17
2014 May 6
Soyuz-2-1a
Short, Russian
-
18
2014 July 19
Soyuz-2-1a
Short, Russian
-
19
2014 Oct. 29
Soyuz-2-1a
Progress
-
20
2014 Oct. 30
Soyuz-2-1a / Fregat
14S737
-
21
2015 Feb. 27
Soyuz-2-1a
Oblik
-
22
2015 April 28
Soyuz-2-1a
Progress
Spacecraft lost due to third stage failure
23
2015 June 5
Soyuz-2-1a
Short, Russian
-
24
2015 Dec. 21
Soyuz-2-1a
Progress
-
25
2016 March 24
Soyuz-2-1a
-
-
26
2016 March 31
Soyuz-2-1a
Progress
-
27
2016 April 25
Sentinel-1B, MICROSCOPE
AAUSAT-4
OUFTI-1
e-st@r-2
Soyuz-ST-A/Fregat-M
ST (81KS)
-
28
Lomonosov, Aist-2D, SamSat-218
14S737
29
2017 May 18
Soyuz-ST-A/Fregat-M
ST
-
30
2017 June 14
Soyuz-2-1a
Progress
-
31
2017 July 14
Soyuz-2-1a/Fregat
14S737
-
32
2017 Oct. 14
Soyuz-2-1a
Progress
-
33
2018 Feb. 1
Kanopus-V No. 3, Kanopus-V No. 4, S-Net-1, S-Net-2, S-Net-3, S-Net-4, Lemur-2-Kadi, Lemur-2-Thenickmolo, Lemur-2-Jin-Luen, Lemur-2-Uramchansol, D-StarOne
Soyuz-2-1a/Fregat
14S737
-
34
2018 Feb. 13
Soyuz-2-1a
Progress
-
35
2018 July 10
Soyuz-2-1a
Progress
-
36
2018 Dec. 19
Soyuz-ST-A/Fregat-M
ST 81KS
-
37
2018 Dec. 27
Kanopus-V No. 5, Kanopus-V No. 6, Flock-3k Dove-1-12, ZACube-2, Lume-1, D-Star ONE (iSat), D-Star ONE (Sparrow), Lemur-2-30-Remy-Colton, Lemur-2-31-Gustavo, Lemur-2-32-Christina-Holt, Lemur-2-33-Zo, Lemur-2-34-Tinkyev, Lemur-2-35-Sarah-Betty-Boo, Lemur-2-36-Natalie-Murray, Lemur-2-37-Daisy-Harper, UWE-4
Soyuz-2-1a/Fregat
14S737
-
38
2019 April 4
Soyuz-2-1a
Progress
-
39
2019 June 5
Meteor-M No. 2-2, Momentus X1, NSLSat-1, Lemur-2 (100-108), JAISAT-1, EXOCONNECT, D-Star One (Lightsat), Lucky-7, SEAM-2.0, MTCube, SONATE, Beesat-9, Beesat-10, Beesat-11, Beesat-12, Beesat-13, MOVE-2b, TTU-100, Ecuador-UTE, ICEYE-X4, ICEYE-X5, DoT-1, MKA Sokrat, VDNKhA-80, AmurSat (AmGU-1)
Soyuz-2-1a/Fregat
ST 81KS
-
40
2019 July 30
Plesetsk , Site 43, Pad 4
Soyuz-2-1a/Fregat
14S737
-
41
2019 July 31
Soyuz-2-1a
Progress
-
42
2019 Aug. 22
Soyuz-2-1a
Soyuz
-
43
2019 Dec. 6
Soyuz-2-1a
Progress
-
44
2019 Dec. 18
Soyuz-ST-A/Fregat-M
ST 81KS
-
45
2020 April 9
Soyuz-2-1a
Soyuz
-
46
2020 April 25
Soyuz-2-1a
Progress
-
47
2020 July 23
Soyuz-2-1a
Progress
-
48
2020 Oct. 14
Soyuz-2-1a
11S517A 3.1000A1-0 No. 15000-093
-
49
2020 Dec. 1
Soyuz ST-A
ST 81KS
-
50
2020 Dec. 29
Soyuz ST-A
ST 81KS
-
51
2021 Feb. 15
Soyuz-2-1a
11S517A2 No. Ya15000-126
-
52
2021 March 22
Soyuz-2-1a/Fregat
81KS
-
53
2021 April 9
Soyuz-2-1a
11S517A 3.1000A1-0 No. 15000-095
-
54
2021 June 30
Soyuz-2-1a
11S517A2.1000A1-0 No. S15000-131
-
55
2021 Oct. 5
Soyuz-2-1a
11S517A 3.1000A1-0 No. 15000-096
-
56
2021 Oct. 28
Soyuz-2-1a
11S517A2.1000A1-0
-
57
2021 Dec. 8
11S517A No. 15000-094
-
58
2022 Feb. 5
Soyuz-2-1a/Fregat
14S737
-
59
2022 Feb. 15
11S517A2
-
60
2022 March 18
11S517A No. 15000-097
-
61
2022 March 22
Soyuz-2-1a/Fregat
14S737
-
62
2022 May 19
Soyuz-2-1a/Fregat
-
-
63
2022 June 3
11S517A2
-
64
2022 Sept. 21
11S517A
-

*This list does not include launches of the Soyuz-2-1v launch vehicles, which were originally called Soyuz-1 and feature drastically different structural design and the main propulsion system.

 

This page is maintained by Anatoly Zak

Last update: September 20, 2022

 

insider content

 

The Soyuz-2 launcher on the refurbished launch pad in Plesetsk in 2004. Credit: Arianespace


The Soyuz-2-1a rocket with the Metop spacecraft on the launch pad at Site 31 in Baikonur on July 14, 2006. Credit: Roskosmos


Launch

The Soyuz-2-1a rocket with the fourth Meridian satellite lifts off from Plesetsk on May 4, 2011. Credit: Vesti TV channel

launch

Soyuz-2-1a with MetOp-B lifts off on Sept. 17, 2012. Credit: TsENKI


Launch

A Soyuz-2.1a rocket lifts off on April 19, with Bion-M No. 1. Credit: Roskosmos


Foton-M4

A Soyuz-2-1a rocket shortly before launch with Foton-M4 satellite from Pad 31 in Baikonur. Click to enlarge. Credit: Roskosmos


ProgressM25M

Soyuz-2-1a lifts off on Oct. 29, 2014, with Progress M-25M cargo ship. Click to enlarge. Credit: Roskosmos