Do you participate in spacecraft development? Do you know the status of a particular mission? Please help us to keep this page up to date! (We respect confidentiality of all sources.) Contact: Anatoly Zak
Russian space program in 2023
Planned Russian space launches in 2023:
February 16: A Soyuz-2-1a rocket to launch the Progress MS-22 cargo ship from Baikonur to the International Space Station, ISS. (During early planning of the ISS flight manifest in 2014, the launch was planned for February 22).
After a three-month testing period at its assembly plant in Korolev, near Moscow, Progress MS-22 was shipped by rail to Baikonur on March 1, 2022. On March 5, the ship was unloaded inside the processing building of Site 254 in Baikonur, where it was put in storage mode until the start of the active launch campaign. The Soyuz-2-1a rocket and a payload fairing for the mission were delivered from RKTs Progress in Samara to the vehicle processing building at Site 112 around August 20.
Early preparatory activities with the cargo ship started on Oct. 28, 2022, with initial inspections, activation of some systems and preparation for tests. During the first decade of November 2022, specialists from RKK Energia installed and tested digital flight control system of the cargo ship. They also tested telemetry and measurement systems aboard the spacecraft using ground-based diagnostics equipment.
Vacuum testing of Progress MS-22 in Baikonur was reported starting on Dec. 3, 2022, and expected to continue for six days.
March 30: A Soyuz-2 rocket to launch the Soyuz MS-23 spacecraft with a crew of three from Baikonur to the International Space Station, ISS. On May 19, 2021, Roskosmos announced that Oleg Kononenko, Nikolai Chub and Andrei Fedyaev were assigned to be primary members of Expedition 69 crew on the ISS. After an agreement with NASA on the crew exchange in 2022, Fedyaev was replaced with an American astronaut Loral O'Hara. The backup crew was comprised of Roskosmos cosmonauts Aleksei Ovchinin, Oleg Platonov and NASA astronaut Tracy Caldwell Dyson.
On Nov. 8, 2022, Roskosmos announced that Andrei Fedyaev was assigned to NASA's 6th commercial crew, scheduled for launch in mid-February 2023 aboard SpaceX Dragon vehicle. He would be accompanied by two NASA astronaut and one astr0naut from the United Arab Emirates.
The mission of Soyuz MS-23 was expected to last until Fall of 2023, but in June 2022, Roskosmos announced that one of its crew members would remain aboard the station until 2024, to provide a seat for the return to Earth of a cosmonaut from Belarus, who was scheduled to visit the station in the Fall of 2023. According to Roskosmos, on June 14, 2022, National Academy of Belarus submitted 29 candidates to Roskosmos for the guest-cosmonaut selection after screening more than 100 applicants.
The launch vehicle for the mission was delivered to Baikonur on Nov. 23, 2022. The components were unloaded from rail cars inside the vehicle processing building at Site 31.
During the first decade of November 2022, specialists from RKK Energia conducted checks of onboard avionics and radio systems, as well as autonomous tests of Kazbek cosmonaut chairs.
Summer: A Soyuz-2 rocket to launch a Progress MS-23 from Baikonur to the International Space Station, ISS. As of 2014, two Progress missions were penciled for April 16, and July 1, 2023. By 2022, only one cargo flight was planned in the Summer of 2023. The Progress MS-23 was shipped from Korolev to Baikonur on June 29, 2022. It reached the space center on July 4, 2022.
August-December 26: The Angara-5M rocket to fly its first mission from its new launch pad in Vostochny. (As of October 2018, reconfirmed in August 2019. During Presdient Putin's visit to Vostochny in September 2019, Head of Roskosmos Dmitry Rogozin claimed that the launch was planned for August 2023.)
2023: A Soyuz-2.1b rocket to launch the 2,100-kilogram Arktika-M No. 2 remote-sensing satellite. Th launch was originally promised in 2016. In 2015, postponed from 2018 to 2019. By 2018, the launch was postponed to 2021 and by 2021, the mission was expected in 2023.
2023: A Soyuz-MS spacecraft with one pilot and two tourists to make a short visit to the ISS. One of the tourists might perform a spacewalk in the company of a professional cosmonaut. Roskosmos announced signing the agreement for the mission with US-based Space Adventures on June 25, 2020.
2023: Russia to launch Ionosfera-M No. 1, Ionosfera-M No. 2 scientific satellites.
2023: Russia to launch the Resurs-PM No. 3 remote-sensing satellite.
2023: A Zenit-3SLBF/Fregat-SB to launch the Elektro-M (No. 1, No. 1-1) weather-forecasting satellite into geostationary orbit from Baikonur. (In 2008, the launch was promised in 2014. (299) and 2009, the mission slipped to 2015 (388). By 2012, the launch was delayed to 2018. In 2015, the mission was postponed from April 2021.)
2023: Russia to launch the Ekspress-PF2 communications satellite.
2023: Russia to launch the Ekspress-PF3 communications satellite.
2023: A Soyuz-2.1b rocket to launch Luna-Resurs spacecraft to the surface of the Moon. As of beginning of 2011, an Indian GSLV Mk-II rocket was to launch a Chandrayaan-2/Luna-Resurs lunar mission in 2017, including a Russian-built lander, which would carry a rover built in India. (489) In 2009, the mission was promised in 2012. In 2007, the mission was expected in 2011, but by 2010, it slipped to September 2013. The Phobos-Grunt fiasco pushed the mission to 2016-2017. Also, in 2011, the mission was split into an orbiter to be launched on an Indian rocket and a Luna-Resurs lander to fly on a Soyuz-2 rocket. By 2014, the mission was postponed until 2023.
2023: A Soyuz-2 rocket to launch the Bion-M No. 2 satellite. (In 2013, the launch was expected in 2016-2017, however by mid-2014 it was delayed to 2019. In 2015, the mission was re-scheduled for 2021 and by the end of 2018, it was postponed until 2023. The 2023 launch date was reconfirmed in 2019.)
Luna-Resurs lander. Click to enlarge. Copyright © 2013 Anatoly Zak
Angara-5 during the first stage ascent. Click to enlarge. Copyright © 2014 Anatoly Zak