2012
Twitter

Site map

Site update log

About this site

About the author

Mailbox


SUPPORT THIS SITE!


ADVERTISE


Searching for details:

The author of this page will appreciate comments, corrections and imagery related to the subject. Please contact Anatoly Zak.


Related pages:

Luna

Lunar missions home page


Luna-24

Luna-24


Luna-Resurs

Luna-Resurs


Luna-Glob

Luna-Glob


Luna-Grunt

Luna-Grunt


Poligon

Lunny Poligon


 

 

 

 

Above: Design of the Luna-Resurs lander as of 2012. At the time, it was expected to reach the Moon in 2017. Credit: Roskosmos


Previous chapter: Luna-Glob orbiter

Bookmark and Share

Luna-Resurs lander (Luna-27)

Following the Phobos-Grunt launch fiasco, all planetary exploration and science projects in Russia faced uncertain future. Luna-Resurs and Luna Glob missions were now not expected before 2016-2017. According to unofficial sources, both projects were reverted back to the experimental phase, making it likely another major redesign of the missions. In the meantime, in April 2012, Indian Space Agency announced that Luna-Resurs would not fly until its GSLV rocket logs two successful missions beginning in September-October 2012.

The landing component of the former Luna-Glob mission was rescheduled to fly in 2017 under the name of Luna-Resurs. It was expected to have an increased payload capacity than Luna-Glob-1, sport improved landing gear and carry more propellant and a larger array of scientific instruments than its predecessor in 2015.

The 2,200-kilogram spacecraft could still deliver a small Indian-built rover (with a mass of around 15 kilograms) to the surface as a part of the 200-kilogram scientific payload. However after the loss of Phobos-Grunt and the postponement of the lunar plans, India essentially suspended its participation in the program. As a result, by the end of 2014, NPO Lavochkin considered a possibility of replacing the Indian rover with a relatively simple moving vehicle, possibly developed by students at the Bauman MGTU, a leading school preparing cadre for the Russian rocket and space industry. The rover could have a task of imaging and delivery of soil samples during the mission.

Luna-Resurs could also carry a European-built optical navigation and a hazard-avoidance system. The lander was expected to operate on the surface for at least a year.

The most important part of the scientific gear would be a state-of-the art drill, capable of penetrating lunar regolith up to a depth of two meters in a quest for lunar ice. To include a European-built drill adapted from the ExoMars-2018 mission, the Ministerial Council of the European Space Agency, ESA, would have to approve the continent's participation in the Luna-Resurs project during its meeting in the fall of 2014.

By October 2013, the launch of the Luna-Resurs mission was postponed from 2017-2018 period to 2019. In October 2014, TASS news agency quoted Deputy Designer General at NPO Lavochkin Maksim Martynov promising the launch of Luna-Resurs lander in 2019, even though other reports during the same year pushed a possible launch date to 2023.

Martynov also confirmed that the probe's high-accuracy landing system and its "cryogenic" drill designed to preserve the thermal conditions of samples, would have to be contributed by Europe. According to Martynov, an inter-agency agreement on the mission between ESA and Roskosmos was undergoing a government review.

 

Next chapter: Luna-Grunt


 

APPENDIX

 

Science instruments proposed for lunar landing missions in 2015 and 2017, as of 2012 (598):

No. Instrument
Goal
Mass, kg
Location on lander
Developer
1 Radio beacon
provides high stability radio signal
1.7
Main instrument deck
IKI
2 TV camera (TVRPM)
Imaging navigation of the robotic arm
0.5
Robotic arm
IKI
3 LIS
Infra-red spectrometry of minerals
1.0
Robotic arm
IKI
4 Chemical analysis suite
Chromatographic and mass spectroscopy analysis of volatiles content and chemical composition
10.4
Main instrument deck
IKI and University of Bern
5 LASMA
Laser mass spectrometer
2.8
Main instrument deck
IKI and University of Bern
6 TV spectrometer
UV and optical imaging of minerals with UV excitation
0.5
Main instrument deck
IKI
7

ADRON

Active neutron and gamma-ray analysis of regolith composition

6.7

Secondary instrument deck

IKI

8

RAT

Radio measurements of temperature of subsurface regolith

0.5

Secondary instrument deck

IKI

9

PML

Measurements of dust and micrometeorites

1.5

Secondary instrument deck

IKI

10

SEISMO

Measurements of seismic activity

1.0

Main instrument deck

IFZ

11

ARIES (Luna-Resurs only)

Measurements of plasma and neutrals

2.2

Main instrument deck

IKI

12

TERMO (Luna-Glob only)

Direct measurements of thermal properties of regolith

2.0

Main instrument deck

GEOKhI

13

LINA (Luna-Glob only)

Measurements of plasma and neutrals

4.6

Main instrument deck

IKI and ISP (Sw)

14

TV for panorama, TV for stereo

TV imaging of panoramas and area near Lander (rover and Robotic arm)

0.2

Main instrument deck

IKI

15

Retro Reflector

Moon libration and ranging experiment

0.1

Main instrument deck

NPO SPP


 

Bookmark and Share


Written and illustrated by Anatoly Zak

Last update: October 10, 2014

All rights reserved

Book

MEDIA ARCHIVE

Drill

As of 2012, Luna-Resurs was expected to feature a soil-drilling device (red) and a robotic arm (green) capable of loading samples into an onboard chemical analysis lab. Credit: IKI


Lander

A depiction of the Luna-Resurs lander circa 2012. Credit: IKI


 

to Chronology section home to Luna Resurs to Luna-Glob