UR-100 ballistic missile family
The UR-100 missile developed at Vladimir Chelomei's design bureau in the town of Reutov near Moscow became the most numerous ICBM deployed in the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Since mid-1960s, several generations of the UR-100-based missiles have been developed.
The mass production of the missile at Khrunichev enterprise in Moscow stopped around 1990, however the already deployed missiles remained in the armaments of the Russian Strategic Missile Forces for the next decade. The UR-100NU missile also became a base for Rockot and Strela launch vehicles, developed respectively by Khrunichev and NPO Mashinostroenia.
UR-100 family overview:
UR-100 family tech dossier:
UR-100 development cooperation:
The models of the UR-200 (left) and UR-100 missiles made to the same scale, give the idea about their relative size. Copyright © 2000 by Anatoly Zak
The test launch of the UR-100 missile from the surface pad in Baikonur. Credit: NPO Mash
The UR-100UTTKh missile. Credit: NPO Mash
The scale model of the UR-100 transporter and storage container. Copyright © 2000 by Anatoly Zak
The mockup of a silo facility for the UR-100 missile. Copyright © 2000 by Anatoly Zak