Site 95 at Baikonur Cosmodrome

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Proton city

Residential area supporting operations with Proton rockets at the turn of the 21st century.


The main residential area which provides housing for the personnel involved in Proton operations is often referred to as "Proton city" by foreign visitors. It is officially designated Site 95.

Along with military barracks and auxiliary infrastructure, the area includes Kometa, Fili and Polyot hotels for visitors and personnel temporary working at the site during their launch campaigns. In the mid-1990s, GKNPTs Khrunichev, which took over the facility during the post-Soviet crisis years, renovated a number of key buildings at the site, in order to support commercial launches of Proton rockets. However some former military facilities were left to decay.


Next chapter: Launch pads for Proton rockets at Site 200


Writing and photography by Anatoly Zak

Last update: June 15, 2021

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Proton city

A "proton city" as seen by a US reconnaissance satellite in 1966.


A Proton rocket rolls out to the launch pad with the residential area on the background to the left. Copyright © 2000 Anatoly Zak